Home  |  Theatre Links  |  Advertise Here  |  Email Us


Book: Lillian Hellman (revised by Hugh Wheeler)

Lyrics: Richard Wilbur (revised by Stephen Sondheim)

Music: Leonard Bernstein

BASED on Voltaire's satirical masterpiece, CANDIDE tells the story a young man, Candide, who is determined to follow his instructor's creed of mindless optimism. Even after being banished from his homeland, captured by Bulgarians, beaten and left for dead by the Spanish Inquisition, robbed of everything he owns, and torn repeatedly from the woman he loves, Candide still clings to the philosophy that everything is for the best in this, "the best of all possible worlds." He and his friends eventually find themselves in a cave in Turkestan, seeking guidance from the Wisest Man in the World--a ghost from their past who has a surprising revelation for them!

CANDIDE was originally produced at the Martin Beck Theatre, New York, on December 1, 1956, with a cast that featured Max Adrian (Dr. Pangloss), Robert Rounseville (Candide), Barbara Cook (Cunegonde), Louis Edmonds (Maximilian), and Irra Petina (Old Lady). In 1973, the play was revised in a one-act version with a new book by Hugh Wheeler and additional lyrics by Stephen Sondheim. This new version premiered at the Chelsea Theatre Centre, Brooklyn, on December 19, 1973, and moved to the Broadway Theatre, New York on March 8, 1974, with a cast that featured Lewis J. Stadlen (Dr. Pangloss), Mark Baker (Candide), Maureen Brennan (Cunegonde), Sam Freed (Maximilian), June Gable (Old Lady), and Deborah St. Darr (Paquette). This production went on to win 3 Tony Awards: Best Director (Harold Prince), Best Book (Hugh Wheeler), and Best Costume Design (Franne Lee). The 1997 Broadway revival earned 4 Tony Award nominations and won Best Costume Design (Judith Dolan).

Cast Albums  |  Sheet Music  |  The Movie

This document was written by J. Crabb and originally published on this website on April 4, 2002.

Music Store

Cast Albums

Sheet Music

The Movie

Related Sites

American Musical Theatre

Related Musicals

A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum
Into the Woods
Pacific Overtures
Sweeney Todd
West Side Story

Home  |  Theatre News  |  Theatre Links  |  Advertise Here  |  Email Us